The Breed

 The Cavalier has a history going back several centuries, although he did not secure Kennel Club status until 1944, having been revived as a breed separate from the King Charles Spaniel. By the 1970s,  He is larger than his relative, the King Charles, and less snub-nosed.

The four colours; Black and Tan, Ruby, Tricolour, Blenheim 

His large, dark eyes and melting expression are a true indication of his sweetness of character. 

 His silky coat requires some daily attention and his ever-wagging tail

 shows how easy he is to please.

 He’s a happy dog whose pleasures are simple – he will enjoy a long country walk, meandering round the shops or sitting beside you in front of the fire. Good with children, he is a devoted companion and should be absolutely non-aggressive and easy to care for.

The Breed Standard

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics,

 temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function.


General Appearance

Active, graceful and well balanced, with gentle expression.


Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless.


Gay, friendly, non-aggressive; no tendency to nervousness.

Head and Skull

Skull almost flat between ears. Stop shallow. Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 3.8 cms (11/2 ins). Nostrils black and well developed without flesh marks, muzzle well tapered. Lips well developed but not pendulous. Face well filled below eyes. Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.


Large, dark, round but not prominent; spaced well apart.


Long, set high, with plenty of feather.


Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.


Moderate length, slightly arched.


Chest moderate, shoulders well laid back; straight legs moderately boned.


Short-coupled with good spring of rib. Level back.


Legs with moderate bone; well turned stifle – no tendency to cowhocks or sickle-hocks.


Compact, cushioned and well feathered.


Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back. Docking previously optional when no more than one-third was to be removed.


Free-moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Forelegs and hind legs move parallel when viewed from in front and behind.


Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.


Recognised colours are:

Black and Tan: raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and legs and underside of tail. Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.

Ruby: whole coloured rich red. White markings undesirable.

Blenheim: rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head, leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed).

Tricolour: black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs, and on underside of tail.

Any other colour or combination of colours highly undesirable.


Weight: 5.4-8.2 kgs (12-18 lbs). A small, well balanced dog well within these weights desirable.


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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